CAN TRAUMATIC MEMORIES BE ERASED?

The latest issue of the kurzweilai.net newsletter contains an article entitled “Can traumatic memories be erased?” which reads as follows

“Life scientists at the

University of California, Los Angeles,

have

discovered

that long-term memory in the marine snail can be erased by inhibiting the activity of a specific protein kinase (PKM) associated with memory.

The study may be relevant to veterans of war, rape victims, and people who have seen other horrific crimes.

The scientists studied a simple kind of reflexive memory called sensitization. They administered electric shocks to the snails’ tails. Following this training,

when the scientists gently touched a snail’s siphon (an organ in their mid-section used in respiration), the animal responded with a reflexive contraction

that lasted about 50 seconds. A week later, when the scientists touched the siphon, the reflex still lasted 30 seconds or more, rather than just the second

or two the reflex normally lasts without the shock training. This constituted a long-term memory.

Once the marine snail had formed the long-term memory, the scientists injected an inhibitor of PKM into the snail and 24 hours later touched the siphon;

the marine snail responded as though it had never received the tail shocks, with a very brief contraction. The long-term memory was gone, the researchers

said.

They also removed key neurons from the snail’s nervous system associated with sensitization and put them in a Petri dish, recreating a two-neuron “circuit”

(a sensory neuron and a motor neuron). By inhibiting PKM, they succeeded in erasing a long-term memory in the circuit in the dish. They are the first scientists

to show that long-term memory can be erased at a connection between just two neurons.

The research has important potential implications for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as drug addiction (in which memory plays

an important role), and perhaps Alzheimer’s disease and other long-term memory disorders, the researchers said.”

A couple of issues raise their head. One consequence of remembering a traumatic event is the desire of the person who experienced it not to endure a similar occurance, If one removes the memory of the incident which led to trauma does not one risk the reoccurance of the self-same situation? It is often remarked that the burnt child dreads the fire, however if the child has no recollection of the horror of being burned then what reason has he for wishing to avoid contact with flames in the future? We learn through our mistakes but if any memory of our errors are obliterated how then do we avoid repeating the same mistakes forever and a day? Also don’t our experiences, however traumatic help to shape our personality and in some instances at least help to make us stronger people?

I’d be interested in your thoughts.

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About kevinmorris101

I live and work in London and blog as a hobby. If you would like to contact me please send an email to animalia at shiftmail.com (the address is rendered in this manner in order to try and defeat spammers)!
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